History of Shangla

History There are relics of the ancient Greek period at Pirsar, Chakesar and Daut. it is believed that Alexander the Great
camped at Pirsar for a few days. There are also relics of the Hindu Shahi in Qlandar-Ajmair

Find more about History of Pakistan


The only means of communications with Swat, is Shangla pass (Shangla top.

Shangla district, consists of small valleys, is situated between the hillocks and surrounded by high mountains full
of forests comprising Pindrow Fir, Morinda Spruce, Blue Pine (Kail), Chir Pine and Deodar Cedar trees. The average
elevation of the district is 2000 to 3000 meters above sea level 2 The highest point (3,440 m) is near Kuz Ganrshal
in the north of the district.2 There are beautiful isolated valleys most suitable for seed production of highly demanded
cross pollinated vegetable crops. Moreover Shangla has got pretty enough potential for hydel power generation, one such
project underway is at Khan Khwar.

Location Of Shangla

Shangla District is located in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan. The district headquarters are located at
Alpur 1 It was previously a subdivision of Swat District, but was upgraded to the status of a district on July 1, 1995 by
the then Chief Minister Aftab Khan Sherpao. The total area of the district is 1,586 square kilometres. Pashto is spoken by most of the population.

A view of ShanglaShangla comprises two sub division, Alpuri and Puran. There are four (4) sub tehsils i.e. Besham, Chakesar,
Martung and Makhuzai.

The district is bounded in the north by Kohistan District, in the east by Battagram District and the tribal area of
Kala Dhaka (Black Mountain of Hazara), in the west by Swat District and in the south by Buner District.

Search Shangla on Satellite Map
Places of Interest | Hotels | Parks & Gardens | Hospitals | Sport Centers | Banks | ATM | Police Stations |

Administrative Divisions
Under the devolved local government system Shangla is divided into two Sub-Divivisions/Tehsils namely.



Four (4) Sub-Tehsils, namely





There are 28 Union Councils. Alpuri Tehsil (Sub division) consists of 19 Union Councils and Puran Tehsil (Sub-division)
consists of 9 Union Councils.


The district is represented in the provincial assembly by two elected MPAs who represent the following constituencies:7

Constituency MPA Party

PF-87 (Shangla-I) 8 M. Zahir Shah Pakistan Muslim League

PF-88 (Shangla-II) Fazalullah Independent.


According to the 1998 census, the district had a population of 435,563 with an average annual growth rate of 3.3% and

population density of 274 persons per square kilometre. the total number of households is 64,391 with an average

household size of 8.1. Almost the entire population of Shangla belongs to the Pathan tribe Yousafzai. Major subtribes of

Yousafzai living in Shangla are Mian Khail linving in Lilownai,Azikhel and Babozai. Azikhel live mainly in Chakesar,

Martung and Shahpur while Babozai live in Puran. The People of Shangla are known for their hospitality and great moral

values. Almost the entire population is Muslim (99.8%) with very small numbers of Christians, Hindus, and Ahmadis.


Most of the local inhabitants are agriculturists. Though the agricultural area of the district is fertile but the

agricultural holdings are very small as compared to the number of owners. The total cultivated area of the district is

423.6 square kilometres (104,700 acres) out of which only 30.75 square kilometres (7,600 acres) is irrigated and the

remaining 392.85 square kilometres (97,080 acres) is non-irrigated. Shangla District is full of natural resources, having

a vast scope for investment and development. It was severely hit during the October 8, 2005 earthquake and many people

were left homeless.

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Flora & Fauna

A number of medicinal plants are found in the area including the following:

Tarkha (Artemizia species)

Unab (Zizyphus Sativa)

Althea (Althaca Officinalis)

Banafsha (Viola serpens)

Mushki Bala (Valeriana species)

Musli Sufed (Aspargus species)

The district is home to a variety of Fauna including deer, bears, pheasants and leopards.


Himalayan ibex


Himalyan black bear

Brown bear

Bear Leopard

Snow leopard


Rhesus Monkey

Blue rock pigeon

Spotted dove

Little brown dove


Himalayan snow cock

Red jungle fowl

Monal pheasant

Koklas pheasant

Satyr tragopan


White breasted kingfisher

Indian robin

Shangla is also a historical place in South Asia: home to several Buddhist hermits,as well as a small but thriving Hindu
community in the Chakesar region. It is said that the region known as Ghorband in the north west of Shangla was visited
by Alexander the Great's Army in 326 B.C. where it fought a battle with the locals at the mount Pir Sar. Later on in the
15th century Shangla witnessed a population shift from neighbouring Afghanistan (Pakhtun tribe Yousafzais) with locals
migrating into Hazara.

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